Mrs. Mahtab Akbar Rashdi started her career as an educationist, joining the International Relations Department at the University of Sindh in 1973. She went on a Fulbright Scholarship to the University of Massachusetts, US, for a Masters in International Relations, following which she became the Chairperson of the International Relations Department, University of Sindh at Jamshoro.
Her administrative career has been outstanding. She has served as Director, Institute of Sindhology and Regional Director, University Grants Commission, at Jamshoro. Mahtab Rashdi has had the honour of being the first ever woman Secretary in the history of the Sindh Secretariat. She served as Secretary Culture & Tourism, Youth Affairs & Sports, Director General Environmental Protection Agency, Secretary Social Welfare and Women Development, Secretary Education, Director General Provincial Ombudsmen Secretariat, Secretary Information and Secretary Inter Provincial Coordination. She was a Member in the Sindh Provincial Assembly from 2013 to 2018. Her role as bureaucrat in these important positions has been pivotal in bringing about positive and progressive change.
Mahtab Rashdi is actively associated with various learned bodies, forums and social organizations through which she has taken initiatives to educate women about their rights and economic empowerment. She is serving as Director on the Board of HUM Television Ltd., National Academy of Performing Arts, and Green Star Social Marketing. She is the President of Sindh Graduates Association, Women Branch, Chairperson of Family Planning Association of Pakistan, Chairperson of International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), South Asia Region Executive Council and Treasure of IPPF, Trustee of Parveen Shakir Trust and Member of the Advisory Board of Institute of Sindhology.
She contributes articles to various Sindhi, English, and Urdu journals and weeklies on social issues, environment, international relations and culture. Her book Indo-Pak Relations was published in 1989. She has also presented various television talk shows on TV to popular acclaim. In recognition of her outstanding contributions Mahtab Rashdi has been conferred with awards by many national and international organizations, including the Pride of Performance, the national award, by the President of Pakistan.